Any solution to this problem must take a multi-faceted approach, with a focus on addressing the needs of the indigenous communities. The solution is comprised of three phases that work in tandem.

Phase 1 – Data Collection, Environmental Studies and quantifying success

The data collection and analysis provides periodic feedback on the success of the local area project. We can measure success by comparing current data sets to past data and the initial baseline. Periodic comprehensive environmental reports produced facilitate discussions with the authorities and various other stakeholders to review project status and agree on iterative changes.

Phase 2 – Alternative Livelihood and Quality of Life (QOL) Improvements

The improvement of the quality of life within the community will be achieved in two ways. Firstly, RBC Consultant, a company endorsed by the UNIDO, provides a simple solution for water purification and sewerage treatment ensuring a clean supply of drinking water. Next is to establish sustainable alternative livelihoods based on aquaculture, with the technical support of companies like Oceanus Group Limited. This aims to supplement the income of the indigenous fishermen. This also acts as a buffer for the recovery and restoration of fish stocks and marine habitat.

Phase 3 – Human Made Reef (HMR)

The culmination of RD’s multifaceted solution is implementation of marine area enhancements, such as the 5th generation Human Made Reef (HMR), to allow time for reef structures to redevelop and enhance marine biodiversity. Their implementation will involve the indigenous fishermen in the construction, manufacture, and deployment. This will create feelings of ownership for the fishing communities. The HMR is designed to attract coral and other marine species; this enhances the recovery rate of marine ecosystems and improves existing coral cover and replenishment index. Part of the project goal is to guide the indigenous fishermen to enhance existing biodiversity rather than to simply conserve, by creating a sense of belonging.